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Bacterial plaque

September 5, 2022

Bacterial plaque

Dental plaque is characterized as the community of microorganisms found on the surface of a tooth as a biofilm, embedded in a polymer matrix of host and microorganism origin. The fact that biofilms are less susceptible to antimicrobial agents and microbial communities may even exhibit pathogenic synergism (improved pathogenicity) is clinically relevant.
The biofilm structure on plaques can restrict the penetration of antimicrobial agents, and bacteria that grow on this surface, develop with a new phenotype, which reduces their sensitivity to inhibitors.
The appearance of bacterial plaque is natural and contributes (like the resident microflora of all other parts of the body) to the normal development of the host’s physiology and defenses, the bacterial plaque can quickly become pathological and lead to the development of disease in different locations of the body. mouth, being already recognized as the cause of several dangerous and silent conditions, from cardiovascular diseases, to dementia, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes[i].

[i] WebMd – Plaque and Your Teeth

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